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氫氧化鉀具有堿的通性!

發布來源:http://www.stoverrobo.com    更新時間:2023-06-17 點擊數:29

氫氧化鉀具有堿的通性,易溶于水,有強烈腐蝕性。溶于水放出大量熱。并且由于氫氧化物對碳水化合物的分解作用,而使其相對于酸腐蝕的危險更加嚴重,經腐蝕的皮膚,通常呈現深度灼傷,且難以愈合,一旦眼睛或皮膚接觸到,應迅速將受傷部位以水不斷沖洗15分鐘以上,并立即就醫;口服會灼傷消化道,可致命。
Potassium hydroxide has the general property of alkali, is easily soluble in water, and is highly corrosive. Dissolve in water and release a large amount of heat. Moreover, due to the Decomposition effect of hydroxide on carbohydrates, the risk of hydroxide corrosion is more serious than that of acid corrosion. The corroded skin usually shows deep burns and is difficult to heal. Once the eyes or skin contact it, the injured part should be quickly washed with water for more than 15 minutes, and immediately seek medical advice; Oral administration can burn the digestive tract and can be fatal.
氫氧化鉀具有堿的通性,具有如下性質:
Potassium hydroxide has the general property of alkali and has the following properties:
1、堿性反應:可使石蕊試液變藍、酚酞試液變紅。
1. Alkaline reaction: can turn litmus test solution blue and phenolphthalein test solution red.
2、與酸反應:如與鹽酸、硫酸、硝酸反應。
2. React with acids: such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, or nitric acid.
3、與酸性氧化物反應:如與二氧化碳、二氧化硫反應。
3. Reaction with Acidic oxide: for example, reaction with carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide.
4、與兩性金屬反應:如與鋁反應。
4. React with amphoteric metals, such as aluminum.
5、與兩性氧化物反應:如與氧化鋁反應。
5. React with amphoteric oxides, such as with alumina.
氫氧化鉀
6、與兩性氫氧化物反應。
6. React with amphoteric hydroxides.
7、與過渡元素鹽溶液發生復分解反應。
7. Salt metathesis reaction reaction with transition element salt solution.
除此之外,氫氧化鉀還可以發生其他反應,如與白磷反應生成磷化氫氣體,文中內容就是這種氫氧化物的通堿性質了,大家在以后的操作使用中,要多注意這方面的產品知識,防止誤用和亂用。更多相關產品的信息就來我們網站http://www.stoverrobo.com咨詢吧!
In addition, potassium hydroxide can also undergo other reactions, such as reacting with white phosphorus to generate Phosphine gas. The content in this article is about the alkali passing property of this hydroxide. In the future operation, we should pay more attention to product knowledge in this regard to prevent misuse and misuse. For more information on related products, come to our website http://www.stoverrobo.com Consult!

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